BASICS OF YOGA

what is yoga?

Often associated with Hinduism, yoga is actually older. It is the oldest physical discipline that exists. The exact origins of yoga are unknown, but it is believed to be at least 5,000 years old.

The earliest evidence of yoga practice dates back to approximately 3,000 B CC. The original purpose of the postures and breathing exercises was to provide stability and relaxation so that practitioners could prepare for the rigors of meditation, remain still and alert for long periods of time.

The word yoga has its roots in the Sanskrit language and means to merge, join or join. By controlling breathing and keeping the body in stable postures or asanas, yoga creates harmony.

Yoga is a means to balance and harmonize the body, mind and emotions and is a tool that allows us to withdraw from the chaos of the world and find a quiet space inside.

To achieve this, yoga uses movement, breathing, posture, relaxation, and meditation to establish a healthy, vibrant, and balanced approach to life.

Modern scholars have defined yoga as the classical Indian science that deals with the search for the soul and the union between the individual, whose existence is finite, and the Divine, which is infinite.

Yoga is one of the original concepts that today would be labeled as holistic. That means that the body is related to breathing; both are related to the brain; this in turn is linked to the mind, which is part of consciousness.

Control is a key aspect of yoga: control of the body, breathing, and mind.

In each area of ​​our life, yoga represents balanced moderation.

what is hatha yaga?

The most widely used yoga system in the West is called Hatha yoga. The word Hatha is a compound of Ha, which means sun and Tha, which means moon.

Yoga is the union between them, which suggests that the healthy union of opposites, in this case, the mind and the body, leads to strength, vitality and tranquility.

Hatha yoga emphasizes asanas (posture practice), pranayama (breathing techniques), and dhyana (meditation). Its objective is to balance the different energy flows within the human body.

As a form of exercise, hatha yoga consists of asanas or postures that incorporate controlled movement, concentration, flexibility, and conscious breathing.

About half of the nearly 200 asanas are widely practiced in the West. Postures range from basic to complex, from easy to achieve to the most challenging.

While movements tend to be slow and controlled, they provide stimulating training for the mind and body, including the internal organs.

Yoga exercises are designed to relieve tight muscles, tone internal organs, and improve the flexibility of the body’s joints and ligaments. The goal of proper yoga exercise is to improve flexibility and strength.

Each pose is performed slowly in fluid movements. Violent movements are avoided; They produce an accumulation of lactic acid, causing fatigue.

Yoga poses stretch, extend, and flex the spine, while exercising muscles and joints, keeping the body strong and flexible. When performed in conjunction with breathing techniques, hatha yoga poses stimulate circulation, digestion, and the nervous and endocrine systems.

As an exercise, yoga can be intense, easy or intermediate. Anyone, regardless of age, can practice it for a leaner body, greater physical coordination, better posture, and greater flexibility without incurring the potentially negative effects associated with high-impact forms of exercise.

Hatha yoga is still different from newer or more modern types of exercise. It is not intended to increase heart rate (although variations like Ashtanga, Power Yoga, or the flow series taught by Bikram Choudhury may) or to work on specific muscle groups.

Generally, the postures release stiffness and tension, help restore internal balance to the spine, renew energy, and restore health. Some postures provide the added benefit of weight bearing, which helps maintain bone mass (very important for women).

Relaxation and breathing exercises produce stability and reduce stress and bring you into contact with your inner strength. Also, regular hatha yoga practice can promote elegant aging.

Whether you are learning yoga individually or in a group, it is a good idea to be supervised by a qualified teacher. A teacher will demonstrate how to gently soothe and relax your body from yoga poses.

He or she will make sure you do not strain your limbs and will help you align your body in the asanas.

According to a recent Roper survey, six million Americans now practice hatha yoga. Additionally, the visibility and viability of yoga as an effective exercise program has increased with the support of celebrities such as Jane Fonda, Demi Moore, Woody Harrelson, Sting, Madonna, Michelle Pfeiffer, Michael Keaton, Kareem Abdul Jabar, and Evander Holyfield.

Yoga is also increasingly accepted by the medical community. Popular healthcare professionals who possess conventional medical credentials and are open to alternative practices include Andrew Weil, M.D., Dean Ornish, M.D., Joan Borysenko, M.D. and Jon Kabat-Zinn, Ph.D. Such professionals have long encouraged patients and clients to practice yoga.

Yoga is also an integral part of many stress management programs supported and paid for by HMO and insurance companies. In fact, the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center Rehabilitation and Preventive Heart Center includes gentle yoga poses and breathing techniques to aid recovery for patients with heart disease.

Yoga asanas can be practiced by youth and adults alike. While there is no one to be excluded, you should consult your doctor before starting a course if you have a medical condition or have any questions.

If you have any concerns about your health or fitness, please consult your doctor, qualified healthcare professional, or yoga teacher before undertaking a yoga practice, especially with these specific health problems: high blood pressure, heart disease, arthritis, back or neck injury or recent surgery.

Is yoga a religion?

Often associated with Hinduism, yoga is actually older. It is the oldest physical discipline that exists. The exact origins of yoga are unknown, but it is believed to be at least 5,000 years old.

Now yoga becoming a slowly meeting traditional aspects for whole world. Rather than transmitting its own philosophy or doctrine, hatha yoga is a physical and psychological discipline that combines learning and practicing asanas, pramayama and meditation.

Due to its roots in Eastern religion and mythology, hatha yoga has often been associated with the Hindu religion. Yoga is an independent tradition. Their separate physical and psychological processes have no connection to religious beliefs.

Furthermore, the dedicated practice of hatha yoga has been found to enhance the religious practice or beliefs of practitioners, whatever their current beliefs.

Although yoga is not a religion, there is, nevertheless, a set of associated ethics that complements the practice of hatha yoga. This set of ethical principles of yoga includes five yamas that are: non-violence; veracity; Do not steal; chastity; and without greed. There are also five niyamas that are: purity; contentment; self-discipline; self-study; and focused on the Divine.

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